Seamless monitoring, restoration and conservation in the northern Gulf of Bothnia


Seamless monitoring, restoration and conservation in the northern Gulf of Bothnia

Shallow coastal areas are important

The shallow coastal waters of the northern Gulf of Bothnia, characterized by meadows of underwater vegetation, affect the whole marine environment around it. Their biodiversity and productivity ensure healthy fish stocks, provide clear waters for swimming and mitigate climate change effects. At the same time the species and habitats of the shallow sea bottom are under increasing threat from human activities such as dredging and boating. A challenge for us today is the lack of knowledge of occurring species and habitats and practical solutions on how to monitor them and take action if needed.

The project

The Interreg Aurora project SeaMoreEco will join expertise of marine biological and geological management in Finland and Sweden with the overall objective to test, develop and demonstrate methods for efficient monitoring, conservation and restoration of biodiversity on shallow coastal areas. The focus is on threatened species and habitats and invasive alien species. The project will explore ways to efficiently monitor the shallow bottoms by flying and floating drones, satellites and shipborne surveys. The aim is then to use these monitoring techniques and test how it is possible to monitor populations of threatened underwater vegetation as well as invasive species.

Some species and habitats are in acute need of restoration or they face a risk of severe decline. The project will test and evaluate methods for how to restore different types of habitats and species on the shallow bottoms.

If we can ensure the biodiversity of the shallow coastal areas, we are one step closer to having a living sea in the northern Gulf of Bothnia for many generations to come.

Photo of Baltic water-plantain (Alisma wahlenbergii)
Endangered species Baltic water-plantain (Alisma wahlenbergii). Photo: Eveliina Lampinen, North Ostrobothnia ELY Centre

Project partners

County Administrative Board of Norrbotten (lead)
County Administrative Board of Västerbotten
Geological Survey of Finland
Geological Survey of Sweden
Centre for Economic development, Transport and Environment Northern Ostrobothnia
Centre for Economic development, Transport and Environment Southern Ostrobothnia


Interreg Aurora (main)
Regional Council of Lapland (co-financier)
Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management (co-financier)


SeaMoreEco och Österbottens grunda havsbottnar

Grunda havsbottnar är ekologiskt mycket viktiga miljöer. De har mängder av olika habitat med rik biologisk mångfald och de är tätt sammankopplade med kringliggande natur. Miljön på de grunda havsbottnarna varierar mycket. Här finns bland annat mjuka skyddade vikar, öppna sandbottnar, steniga rev och grynnor och kala, exponerade klippor.

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Elodea removal – Skallön 2024

Länsstyrelsen Västerbotten and Länsstyrelsen Norrbotten works together in a pilot study in Skallön to eradicate the inasive plant species waterweed (Elodea canadensis).

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Group picture from above ground. Twelve people standing on a sea shore meadow.

Field trip to north Ostrobothnia

Field trip across the border to expand knowledge on the habitats of the endangered Fourleaf mare’s tail and leaf beetle. The idea behind the field trip was to see typical habitats where these species occur within the project area and expand knowledge on their habitat requirements.

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Logotype sustainable development goals number 14
Logotype sustainable development goals number 15
Logotype sustainable development goals number 17